Can Squirrels Eat Peanuts? Healthy Alternatives Explained

Paul West/ Pet And Wildlife Care

You’ve probably seen squirrels munching on a variety of snacks in your backyard, but have you ever wondered if peanuts are safe for these furry friends? It’s a common sight, squirrels nibbling on peanuts, but is it really good for them?

Can Squirrels Eat Peanuts?

When you see squirrels in your yard, you might wonder if those peanuts you have are suitable snacks for them. Spoiler alert: they can eat peanuts, but there are things you should know before you start feeding them these common legumes.

Peanuts aren’t actually nuts; they belong to the legume family, much like beans and lentils. Squirrels aren’t picky and will munch on a wide range of foods, peanuts included. However, unlike tree nuts, peanuts don’t provide the same nutritional benefits.

Nutritional Value of Peanuts for Squirrels

While peanuts have proteins and fats that are beneficial to squirrels, they lack the varied nutrients found in natural tree nuts. Over time, a peanut-heavy diet can cause nutritional imbalances in squirrels. That’s why it’s best to vary their diet with other food sources.

Here’s a brief look at what peanuts offer nutritionally:

Nutrient Content in Peanuts
Protein High
Fats Moderate
Vitamins Low
Minerals Low

Despite peanuts being okay for occasional snacks, remember that raw or unsalted varieties are the best choices. Salted or flavored peanuts aren’t healthy for squirrels and can lead to health issues related to high sodium intake.

The Risks of Feeding Peanuts to Squirrels

In addition to potential nutritional deficits, feeding squirrels peanuts can also have other risks:

  • Habituation: Feeding wildlife can lead them to lose their natural foraging instincts.
  • Disease: Peanuts are susceptible to molds that produce aflatoxins, which can be harmful to squirrels.

As you look out your window and consider tossing a peanut to a furry visitor, keep in mind that while they will eagerly accept it, you’re better off providing a more natural and varied diet. Offer seeds, fruits, and nuts that are native to your region to ensure a healthy balance for your squirrel friends.

Are Peanuts Safe for Squirrels to Eat?

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When it comes to your backyard buddies, it’s natural to wonder if the foods you’re offering are safe for them. You might have noticed that squirrels are pretty interested in peanuts, but are they actually safe for these agile creatures to consume?

Peanuts are not toxic to squirrels; however, that doesn’t mean they’re the best choice for these animals. Unlike the variety of nuts found in nature, peanuts come from a different family, the legumes, which include beans and lentils. As a result, peanuts have a different nutritional profile compared to tree nuts, like acorns and walnuts, which are staples in a squirrel’s diet.

Feeding peanuts to squirrels on a frequent basis can lead to nutritional imbalances. In their natural habitat, squirrels enjoy a diversified diet consisting of nuts, seeds, fruits, and sometimes even insects. These food sources collectively provide a balance of fats, proteins, and other nutrients essential for their health. Peanuts, especially the salted or flavored varieties often found in stores, not only lack the variety of nutrients needed but also introduce unhealthy additives into the squirrels’ diet.

Another critical aspect to consider is the presence of aflatoxins, a type of mycotoxin that can be present in peanuts. This toxin is produced by certain molds that grow on peanuts stored in warm, humid conditions. Aflatoxins can be harmful to squirrels if ingested in large amounts, leading to health complications.

To avoid these risks, it’s best to provide squirrels with a more balanced diet. If you decide to give them peanuts, ensure they’re unsalted, unflavored, and preferably in the shell, which can also provide an engaging activity as they work to get to the nut inside. Keep in mind, moderation is key. The occasional peanut won’t hurt, but it shouldn’t become a staple of their diet. Introduce a mix of other natural foods that squirrels would find in the wild to keep them healthy and thriving.

Potential Health Risks of Feeding Peanuts to Squirrels

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When you’re eyeing that adorable squirrel in your backyard, you might think tossing it a few peanuts is a kind gesture. But hold that thought. Feeding peanuts to squirrels can bring up some serious health concerns that you should be aware of.

Peanuts, while not toxic, are legumes and not natural tree nuts. This means they’re quite different from the food squirrels would usually find in the wild. Their regular diet consists of a diversity of nuts, seeds, and plants, which provides them with the necessary nutrients for their health. Overfeeding squirrels with peanuts can cause a nutritional imbalance as peanuts have a different nutrient profile compared to native nuts.

Aside from the nutritional aspect, there’s also the risk of aflatoxin contamination. Aflatoxins are toxic compounds produced by certain molds that can grow on peanuts. These molds develop when peanuts aren’t stored properly, and even small amounts can be harmful. Ingesting aflatoxins can lead to health issues in squirrels, such as liver damage or failure.

Feeding squirrels salted or flavored peanuts is another concern. The additives and seasoning in these products are not suitable for squirrels and can be harmful to their health. Plus, those extra salty treats can lead to dehydration or other salt-related health problems.

Finally, feeding peanuts to squirrels can alter their natural feeding behavior. They might become too reliant on these easy snacks and less inclined to forage for their natural diet. This can affect their ability to survive in the wild and make them more dependent on human-provided food.

Here are some key points to remember when considering feeding peanuts to squirrels:

  • Peanuts are not part of a squirrel’s natural diet
  • Peanuts can cause nutritional imbalances
  • The risk of aflatoxin contamination is real and dangerous
  • Salted or flavored peanuts carry harmful additives and seasoning
  • Feeding peanuts can change natural foraging behavior

As a nature lover, you want what’s best for the furry critters you enjoy watching. Instead of peanuts, consider offering a mix of seeds and natural nuts to help maintain the health and balance of your backyard visitors.

Alternatives to Peanuts for Squirrel Snacks

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Switching up the diet you offer to local squirrels is key to their health. If you’re looking to provide a more nutritionally appropriate snack that mimics squirrels’ natural foods, there are plenty of options.

Seeds and nuts are excellent choices, as these are close to what squirrels would typically forage for themselves. Walnuts, almonds, and hazelnuts, for instance, are full of good fats and proteins without the added risk of aflatoxins. When offering these, always go for the unsalted, unseasoned varieties to keep squirrels safe from harmful additives.

Here are some other great alternatives to peanuts:

  • Sunflower seeds (shell-on)
  • Pecans
  • Acorns (if readily available)
  • Beechnuts
  • Pine nuts

Fruits and vegetables can also supplement a squirrel’s diet. Small amounts of apples, bananas, or berries can add a healthy variety. Leafy greens, carrots, and squash provide essential nutrients and mimic the diversity of their natural foraging. Always chop these into manageable pieces to avoid any choking hazard.

In addition, offering squirrels commercial squirrel food mixes available in wildlife stores or online can be beneficial. These mixes are designed with the right balance of nutrients and are a convenient option if you’re unsure about the right seeds and nuts to give.

Remember to scatter the food in different areas rather than in large piles. This encourages squirrels to continue foraging and exercising naturally, which is vital for their physical and mental well-being. Plus, it helps prevent the spread of disease between animals at feeding sites.

Lastly, always ensure that water is readily available, especially during dry conditions. A shallow dish of fresh water can sometimes be the best gift you can give to your backyard buddies.


Remember, while squirrels can eat peanuts, they’re not the healthiest choice. By offering a variety of seeds, nuts, and fresh produce, you’re promoting a balanced diet that mirrors their natural intake. Don’t forget to scatter these healthier options to support their instinctive foraging habits. And always ensure there’s plenty of fresh water available. By taking these steps, you’re not only nurturing their physical health but also contributing to a thriving backyard ecosystem.

Paul West
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About Paul West

Longstanding and passionate about really having family fun in the backyard. I'm no expert but I've picked up a thing or two along the way!