Possum Diet: Do They Really Eat Squirrels?

Paul West/ Pet And Wildlife Care

Ever wondered what’s going on in your backyard when you’re not looking? You might be surprised to learn about the dietary habits of the creatures living just beyond your window. Possums, those nocturnal marsupials with a penchant for playing dead, are a common sight in many areas. But do they have a taste for their fellow tree-dwellers, the squirrels?

Understanding what animals eat is key to grasping the complex web of local ecosystems. While possums are known for their omnivorous diets, the question of whether they prey on squirrels is one that piques the curiosity of many wildlife observers. Let’s dive into the eating habits of possums and uncover whether squirrels are on their menu.

The Dietary Habits of Possums

Possums, with their flexible palates, are true omnivores. This means that they eat just about anything they can find. In urban areas, possums are often seen rummaging through trash, but their natural diet is much more diverse and includes a variety of fruits, insects, and small animals. They play a significant role in the ecosystem by controlling insect and rodent populations.

What’s on the Menu for a Possum?

  • Fruits like apples, berries, and bananas
  • Small creatures such as insects, snails, and worms
  • Occasionally small rodents

In their quest for food, possums will cover a range of different habitats, from woodlands to gardens, and they aren’t picky about where they dine.

Are Squirrels a Target?

While it’s feasible for possums to eat small mammals, larger prey like squirrels aren’t typically their first choice. Possums prefer the easier catch, opting for meals that require less energy to secure. Predation on squirrels by possums isn’t common, and there are few documented instances. Rather, you’ll find possums munching on carrion – that’s deceased animals – which underscores their role as nature’s clean-up crew.

It’s fascinating to see just how adaptable possums are when it comes to their food sources. They embody the phrase “survival of the fittest,” given their ability to thrive in various conditions by eating a wide array of food items. Next time you’re peering at a possum, remember they’re not just scavengers but an important part of maintaining a balanced ecosystem.

An Omnivorous Diet: What Do Possums Eat?

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Possums boast a varied palette, proving to be prodigious foragers that don’t limit themselves to a single food source. These creatures live off a diet that spans a wide range of options, making them the ultimate opportunistic eaters. You’ll find these animals noshing on anything from juicy fruits to nutritious insects. They have a special fondness for:

  • Ripe berries
  • Crunchy nuts
  • Fresh and overripe fruit
  • Insects like beetles and crickets
  • Snails and slugs
  • Small rodents
  • Eggs
  • Frogs and birds when available

Their feeding habits aren’t just random; they play a crucial part in controlling various populations, such as insects and small mammals, and also act as seed dispersers, aiding in the proliferation of numerous plant species.

Their Dietary Flexibility allows them to adapt to their surrounding environment, making them resilient in various habitats. Whether it’s an urban locale or dense forest, possums find sustenance by being less picky, which contributes to their survival across different regions.

They display adaptability in their hunting techniques, too. Although possums aren’t known to chase after squirrels, they’ll gladly eat roadkill, including squirrels when the opportunity presents itself. This scavenging nature also lends them a role in keeping our environments clean and reducing the spread of diseases by consuming decomposing animals.

Additionally, possums have been observed munching on garbage or pet food left outside, which underscores their ability to exploit human environments to their advantage. So while you might worry that your trash might attract unwanted critters, it’s just another testament to the possum’s adaptable dining habits.

Their comprehensive diet, while vast, has a method to its seeming madness. Although possums can eat small rodents, squirrels being out of their usual hunting agenda, they focus on easier targets and what is readily available—thus striking a balance in ecosystems they inhabit and emphasizing their ecological significance.

Debunking the Myth: Do Possums Eat Squirrels?

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Picture it: a quiet backyard, the rustling of leaves, and a possum meandering through. You might wonder, will this creature go after a squirrel? Contrary to popular belief, possums aren’t known squirrel predators. They’re the ultimate scavengers, yes, but chasing squirrels through trees is not their style.

So, here’s the dish on possum diets. As omnivores, their menu is quite extensive. They’ll chow down on anything from fruits to bugs, which includes the occasional unguarded egg or unfortunate frog. Rodents may occasionally be on the list, but it’s rare for a possum to actively hunt a swift little squirrel.

Why not? Well, possums have more of a ‘slow and steady wins the race’ approach. They prefer their meals easier to catch – think roadkill. Caught your attention? It’s true, these marsupials have a bit of a reputation for eating found animals—including squirrels if they’ve been hit by a car. But that’s about the extent of their relationship with Mr. Squirrel.

Your backyard possum is much more likely to be found rummaging through your trash than performing acrobatics in the treetops after squirrels. They may be resourceful in their search for food, often exploiting what humans unintentionally leave out. And while they’re at it, they’re doing us a favor. Here’s a quick look at what they contribute to our environment:

  • Insect control: Possums love to eat ticks, beetles, and other pesky insects.
  • Seed dispersal: The fruits they consume and later excrete help in the spreading of seeds.
  • Keeping rodent populations in check: They occasionally eat mice or rats found in urban settings.

By now you’ve got a clearer picture of how possums fit into the ecosystem’s puzzle. They are remarkable for their dietary adaptability and as a trash cleanup crew, but squirrel hunting? That’s a myth that’s been thoroughly busted.

Exploring the Eating Habits of Squirrels

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When you’re curious about what squirrels munch on, you might be surprised to learn that their diet is quite varied. While it’s clear that they’re not typically on a possum’s menu, squirrels themselves are foragers by nature. Their diet mainly consists of nuts, seeds, fruits, and occasionally insects.

Squirrels have a special knack for finding food. In your backyard, you’ll often spot them burying acorns or searching for morsels to snack on. Here’s what typically makes up a squirrels’ grocery list:

  • Acorns and other tree nuts
  • Berries and fruit when in season
  • Seeds and grains, both from plants and feeders
  • Fungi, including various types of mushrooms

In urban areas, squirrels are known to adapt and will eagerly scavenge for leftover human food. This includes items that might go against their natural diet, such as pieces of bread or pastries. But don’t let their cute demeanor fool you; they can also be quite destructive in their quest for a meal, often raiding bird feeders or digging up gardens to stash their finds.

Beyond their diet, squirrels play a critical role in forest ecology. Their habit of burying nuts leads to the inadvertent planting of trees. Many of these buried nuts are forgotten, giving rise to new growth. This natural behavior supports forest regeneration and expansion, showcasing the inadvertent yet significant impact these small creatures have on their habitats.

As you continue to delve into the lives of these bushy-tailed residents, you’ll notice the intricate balance of nature’s food web. Each species, from the misunderstood possum to the energetic squirrel, contributes to the stability and diversity of ecosystems. Understanding their roles and dietary needs is key to appreciating how nature’s multitude of players coexist and thrive.

The Coexistence of Possums and Squirrels

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In the dance of urban and forest ecosystems, possums and squirrels often share the stage. Possums, primarily nocturnal creatures, scavenge the night away while squirrels—the day-shift foragers—are more active when the sun’s out. You might wonder how these animals manage living side by side.

First off, dietary habits play a big part. While there’s some overlap—think fruits and nuts—possums are less picky. Their diet also includes animals and insects, which means squirrels aren’t necessarily on the menu. In fact, possums are more likely to eat the leftovers of other predators than hunt a swift squirrel.

Their nesting preferences differ, too. Squirrels take to the trees, crafting leafy nests or taking up residence in hollow trunks, while possums keep close to the ground. They’re opportunistic, bedding down in burrows left by other animals or making a home in a quiet pile of leaves.

Territorial overlap does occur, naturally. Yet it’s rare that these species clash. Possums and squirrels have learned to coexist relatively peacefully. Think of it as an unspoken agreement where possums rule the night and squirrels, the daytime.

  • Possums: Scavenge more than they hunt
  • Squirrels: Scavenge and forage during daytime
  • Diet: Possums have a broader diet including animals and insects
  • Habitat: Possums stick to the ground; squirrels prefer the trees

This knack for coexistence doesn’t mean that possums and squirrels are buddies, though. It’s a relationship born out of necessity and survival-not choice. Understanding the nuances in animal behavior and habitat sharing adds depth to your knowledge of the complexity within ecosystems. By recognizing these details, you’ll start appreciating the delicate balance nature maintains, even in your backyard.


You’ve uncovered the habits and interactions that define the relationship between possums and squirrels. These creatures have carved out their own niches in the environment, showcasing nature’s intricate dance of cohabitation. Remember, while it’s unlikely you’ll spot a possum pursuing a squirrel, it’s the understanding of such ecological dynamics that enriches your appreciation for wildlife. Keep this knowledge in your back pocket as you explore the wonders of the natural world around you.

Paul West
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About Paul West

Longstanding and passionate about really having family fun in the backyard. I'm no expert but I've picked up a thing or two along the way!