Can Squirrels Eat Bread? Healthy Diet Tips for Wild Squirrels

Paul West/ Pet And Wildlife Care

You’ve probably spotted a squirrel or two in your backyard, cheekily nibbling on whatever treats they find. But when you’re munching on a sandwich, you might ask yourself, “Can squirrels eat bread?” It’s a simple question with a not-so-straightforward answer.

In this article, you’ll dive into the world of squirrels and their diet, uncovering the truth about feeding them bread. You’ll learn about the potential risks and healthier alternatives to keep these furry friends thriving. So, before you toss out your next crust, read on to ensure you’re not doing more harm than good.

Why Do Squirrels Eat Bread?

Squirrels are often seen nibbling on pieces of bread, but what drives this behavior? Primarily, squirrels go for bread due to its availability and ease of access. In urban areas, where natural food sources are scarce, squirrels turn to whatever they can find, which often includes scraps left by humans. Bread, especially when left out in parks or backyards, becomes an easy meal.

Moreover, the carbohydrates in bread provide a quick energy boost. Squirrels, being active creatures, require energy to scurry around and bread seems like a fast way to refuel. Yet, it’s important to remember that bread doesn’t offer the nutritional value squirrels need for a balanced diet.

  • Bread is not a natural food source for squirrels and lacks the essential nutrients found in their typical diet.
  • Feeding bread to squirrels can lead to dietary deficiencies and health problems.

Despite the fact that squirrels might enjoy bread, it’s vital to consider what’s best for their health. When thinking about feeding these little critters, opt for foods that are closer to their natural diet. Nuts, seeds, and fruits are all excellent choices that you can offer to them instead of bread. These alternatives not only provide more nutritional benefit but also encourage squirrels to forage as they would in the wild, promoting natural behaviors and a healthier lifestyle.

Understand that while squirrels can eat bread, the foods you provide should mirror what they would typically eat in their natural habitat. This approach ensures that squirrels maintain a balanced diet, which is essential for their overall health. Keep an eye out for what squirrels in your area prefer and consider introducing these healthier options gradually.

The Risks of Feeding Squirrels Bread

When you feed squirrels bread, you’re unknowingly exposing them to several risks. Bread is essentially a filler food that lacks the vital nutrients squirrels require to maintain their health. Because it’s not part of their natural diet, consuming bread can lead to malnutrition in squirrels.

You might notice that these fluffy-tailed creatures will eat just about anything you offer them, including bread. However, bread doesn’t have the necessary protein, fats, or vitamins found in their natural food sources. Regularly eating bread can cause squirrels to feel full without getting the nutrition they need, which can result in dietary imbalances.

One significant risk of a bread-heavy diet is obesity. Just like in humans, excess weight can be harmful to squirrels, affecting their ability to forage and escape from predators. The high carbohydrate content in bread can cause squirrels to gain weight quickly, leading to reduced mobility and overall fitness.

Moreover, bread can potentially lead to dental problems for squirrels. Their teeth are adapted to gnawing on hard surfaces like nuts and seeds. Soft foods like bread do not assist in wearing down their teeth, which can grow continuously. If their teeth become overgrown, it could be difficult for them to eat properly.

To sustain their energy, squirrels need food rich in nutrients, especially during the colder months when they’re preparing for winter. Feeding them bread during this critical time can be especially detrimental, as it takes up space in their diet that should be filled with more nutrient-dense options.

Remember, while it might seem harmless to share a piece of your sandwich with a squirrel, you’re better off offering them something that aligns with their dietary needs. Opt for foods like unsalted nuts, seeds, and pieces of fruit to keep your backyard squirrels healthy and vibrant. These choices help mimic their natural foraging behavior and offer a much better alternative to the nutritionally poor option of bread.

Bread Alternatives for Squirrels

Understanding the dietary needs of squirrels is vital for their health and longevity. Instead of bread, nutrient-rich foods should be your go-to when trying to feed these agile creatures. Offering a balanced diet can help them maintain their natural foraging habits and ensure they receive the nutrition necessary for a robust life.

Start by introducing a variety of nuts and seeds—these are amongst the top choices for squirrels and for good reason. Almonds, walnuts, and sunflower seeds not only provide essential fats but also pack in much-needed protein. However, remember to serve these in moderation to prevent obesity and nutritional excess. Opting for unsalted and unroasted options is the best way to avoid any unwanted additives.

Fruits also make a fantastic treat for squirrels. Items like apples, bananas, and berries are not only delicious but also carry a wealth of vitamins and minerals. They can serve as a delightful snack that’s far superior to the empty calories found in bread.

Here’s a quick list of what you might offer squirrels as healthy alternatives:

  • Raw nuts like almonds and walnuts
  • Sunflower seeds and pumpkin seeds
  • Sliced apples and bananas
  • Fresh berries such as strawberries or blueberries

It’s also worth considering the introduction of fresh vegetables. Leafy greens like kale and spinach are loaded with nutrients that can boost a squirrel’s diet. Carrots and peas can also be a crunchy way to add variety.

When offering any new foods, it’s important to introduce them gradually. This allows you to monitor the squirrels for any adverse reactions to specific food items.

In providing these wholesome alternatives to bread, you’re ensuring that your furry friends are not only well-fed but are receiving a diet that’s closer to what they would find in the wild. This practice supports their overall well-being and helps keep their population healthy within your local ecosystem. Remember to always observe from a distance to keep the wildlife wild.

Best Foods to Feed Squirrels

When you’re looking to diversify the diets of your bushy-tailed friends, you’ll want to know exactly what to put out for them. Nuts in the shell, like walnuts, almonds, and pecans, are not only nutritious but also provide squirrels with the necessary activity to prevent their teeth from overgrowing. Offering these will mimic their natural foraging behaviors.

However, it’s not just about nuts. Squirrels are omnivores and enjoy a varied diet. Here’s a rundown of squirrel favorites:

  • Raw fruits and vegetables
  • A variety of seeds such as sunflower or pumpkin
  • Animal-based proteins like insects or boiled eggs

This kind of diet closely resembles what they would find in the wild and supports their nutritional needs.

While seeds and nuts are go-to options, they’re high in fats. To keep squirrels healthy, ensure there’s a balance with fresh produce. Apples, berries, and sliced carrots make great choices, as they’re not only low in calories but also provide ample vitamins and hydration.

There’s a point to be made about moderation, though. Just like humans, squirrels can suffer from obesity and related health issues if they overindulge in high-fat or sugary foods. So, while it’s fine to give them a treat now and then, your main focus should be providing foods that are beneficial long-term.

For those looking for something more convenient, specially formulated squirrel food mixes are available on the market. These products often include a mix of grains, nuts, vitamins, and minerals, ensuring that your furry guests get a well-rounded meal without the guesswork.

By providing a mix of these recommended foods, you’re not just feeding squirrels; you’re contributing to their overall health and the vibrancy of your local wildlife. Remember to introduce these foods gradually and observe how the squirrels respond to these new additions to their diet.


You’ve learned that while squirrels can technically eat bread, it’s not the healthiest choice for these nimble creatures. Instead, focus on giving them foods that support their well-being. Offer a mix of nuts, seeds, fruits, vegetables, and animal proteins to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients. If you’re looking for convenience, consider squirrel food mixes designed to meet their dietary needs. By choosing the right foods, you’ll play a part in maintaining the health of your furry visitors and the local ecosystem. Remember, moderation is key to a balanced diet for wildlife.

Paul West
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About Paul West

Longstanding and passionate about really having family fun in the backyard. I'm no expert but I've picked up a thing or two along the way!