Do Squirrels Eat Cicadas? Uncovering Their Diverse Diet

Paul West/ Pet And Wildlife Care

Curious about the diet of those furry backyard acrobats? You’re not alone. Squirrels are known for their diverse palates, but do cicadas make the cut? This article dives into the world of squirrels and their eating habits, particularly their taste for these noisy insects.

Squirrels and Their Diet

Squirrels are fascinating creatures with diets as eclectic as their habitats. You might find it interesting that a squirrel’s diet isn’t just a collection of nuts and seeds. It’s a smorgasbord that changes with the seasons and availability of food. When the weather warms and cicadas emerge, these insects become a prime food source.

Let’s delve into what typically fills a squirrel’s day in terms of eating. Their primary diet consists of:

  • Nuts (walnuts, acorns, and pine nuts)
  • Seeds (sunflower, pumpkin, and sesame)
  • Fruits (apples, oranges, and berries)
  • Vegetables (carrots, spinach, and squash)
  • Fungi

But it doesn’t stop there. Squirrels are opportunistic foragers; they’ll snatch up insects, including cicadas, when the chance arises. It’s a protein boost that supports their active lifestyle.

During cicada season, you’re likely to see these bushy-tailed critters hunting for the loud insects. They listen for the cicadas’ distinctive sound, then pounce to make them a part of their diet. This surprise addition to their diet is not by accident. Squirrels adapt their foraging habits based on what’s accessible.

Understanding squirrel eating patterns can lead to a better grasp of local ecosystems. If squirrels are consuming vast numbers of cicadas, it could influence the insect’s population dynamics. Observing how squirrels interact with these insects offers insights into the complexity of food chains.

Remember, the squirrel diet plays a crucial role in the dispersion of plant seeds, supporting the growth of new vegetation. By eating and spreading seeds, these creatures foster forest renewal and expansion. This behavior underscores the significance of squirrels beyond their charming antics.

Observing the dietary habits of squirrels can be quite the spectacle. Who knew that watching a squirrel could reveal so much about the complex web of nature? Keep your eyes peeled during cicada season; you’ll be in for a natural wonder.

What Are Cicadas?

Ever heard that loud, distinctive buzzing during the summertime? That’s the sound of cicadas, which are known for their unique serenades in warmer months. They belong to the order of insects called Hemiptera and are well-known for their fascinating life cycle, which includes years of living underground as nymphs before emerging en masse to transform into adults.

Cicadas are often mistaken for locusts, but they’re quite different. These creatures play a vital role in ecosystems, serving as a food source for various wildlife, including squirrels. They’re divided mainly into two categories: the annual cicadas, which appear every year, and the periodical cicadas, which emerge every 13 or 17 years, depending on the species.

Their diet primarily consists of sap from plant roots, which they feed on while underground. Once they emerge, the transformation they undergo is visible and highly anticipated by both enthusiasts and predators alike.

During the molting process, cicadas shed their exoskeletons, leaving behind ghostly shells that you might find clinging to tree trunks. The adult phase is short-lived yet vibrant. They mate, lay eggs, and then die, completing their lifecycle.

Understanding the cicada’s place in the food web is crucial. When these insects emerge, they’re not just providing a banquet for creatures like squirrels but are also contributing to nutrient cycling in the environment. Birds, small mammals, and even fish benefit from their abundance.

Remember, these insects, despite their occasional annoyance to humans, are not pests but play a critical role in maintaining the balance of the ecosystems you enjoy. Observing their predictable emergence patterns can be quite the natural spectacle and a reminder of the rhythmic nature of our fascinating world.

Do Squirrels Eat Cicadas?

You might wonder if the bustling activity of squirrels in your backyard includes feasting on cicadas. The fact is, squirrels do eat cicadas, making these insects a significant part of their diet during cicada emergence events. Cicadas serve as a source of protein that’s crucial for the squirrels’ growth and development. When cicadas emerge en masse, typically every 13 or 17 years depending on the species, it’s a feast for many animals, squirrels included.

During cicada season, you’ll notice squirrels becoming more active as they hunt for these noisy insects. This seasonal diet change is a testament to the squirrels’ adaptability in their eating habits. They shift their focus to what’s plentiful and easy to gather. The nutritious value packed in each cicada is hard for the squirrels to ignore, with their high-fat content proving beneficial for energy stores.

Cicadas emerge from the ground after spending years as nymphs underground. As they molt and take flight, they often fall victim to alert squirrels. Squirrels hunt and consume them, playing their part in the food chain by controlling cicada populations. These feeding habits underline the importance of squirrels to the ecosystem, highlighting their role in maintaining ecological balance.

Understanding this aspect of squirrel behavior underscores the complexity and interdependence of food webs. Observing squirrels in action can reveal much about the health and dynamics of local ecosystems. Witnessing these small yet significant predators in pursuit of cicadas provides insight into the intricacies of nature.

Nutritional Value of Cicadas for Squirrels

Cicadas are not just an occasional snack for squirrels; they’re a powerhouse of nutrition that aids in their health and well-being. When you notice squirrels feasting on these insects, understand that cicadas are packed with essential proteins which are fundamental for muscle development and tissue repair in squirrels.

In particular, the exoskeleton of cicadas offers Chitin, a fiber-like substance that plays a part in digestive health. They also contain fats, which are vital for squirrels especially in building up reserves for the colder months. As a source of energy, the carbohydrates present in cicadas help keep squirrels active.

When the cicadas emerge en masse during their season, squirrels capitalize on this abundant food source. The high protein content supports their growth, especially in young squirrels who need ample nutrients for proper development.

Here’s a look at the typical nutritional makeup of cicadas that benefit squirrels:

Nutrient Benefit for Squirrels
Protein Supports growth and repair
Fats Provides energy and warmth
Carbohydrates Supplies immediate energy
Chitin Aids in digestive health

Remember, a squirrel’s diet can directly impact their ability to survive and thrive. During cicada seasons they may rely less on their usual plant-based diets, and the protein surge from cicadas helps prepare them for challenges ahead. Observing these creatures, you’ll find squirrels sprinting from tree to tree, actively hunting and consuming cicadas, likely due to the significant nutritional boost these insects provide.

Understanding the role of cicadas in a squirrel’s diet highlights their adaptability and the integral part insects play in the woodland food chain. Watching these small mammals adapt their diet accordingly gives us a glimpse into their resourcefulness and the complex balance of our ecosystem.

Other Interesting Dietary Facts About Squirrels

Squirrels are not just opportunistic feeders when it comes to cicadas; their diets are incredibly versatile and vary with the seasons. In the spring and summer, you’ll find that these furry foragers broaden their palate to include various fruits, nuts, and seeds. Cherries, mulberries, and strawberries are among their favorites, providing a sweet treat that’s rich in sugars and vitamins.

As fall approaches, squirrels shift their focus to hard mast foods like acorns and walnuts. These dense nutrition sources are critical for building up fat reserves to survive the colder months. You might be surprised to learn that squirrels are quite methodical in their approach; they are known to engage in “scatter hoarding,” which is the practice of hiding their food in numerous locations for later retrieval.

Despite popular belief, squirrels don’t rely solely on plant-based food. They are known to include animal-based proteins in their diet, especially when other food sources are scarce. This could be insects, small rodents, bird eggs, or even small birds.

The variety in a squirrel’s diet also has environmental impacts. For instance, when squirrels bury nuts and don’t retrieve them, they’re unknowingly contributing to forest renewal by planting seeds that may grow into new trees.

  • Seasonal Diet Variations:
    • Spring/Summer: Fruits and fungi
    • Fall/Winter: Nuts and seeds

Here is a quick breakdown of the typical nutritional components a squirrel might find in its varied diet:

Nutrient Sources Benefits
Proteins Insects, eggs, nuts Muscle growth, tissue repair
Carbohydrates Fruits, berries, tree sap Energy
Fats Nuts, seeds, insects Energy reserves, insulation
Minerals Nuts, soil, water sources Bone health, digestion
Vitamins Fruits, nuts, fungi Immune system, cell function

Remember, while capturing these fascinating details about squirrel diets, it’s quite enlightening to realize how their eating habits mirror their roles as both prey and seed dispersers, intricately woven into the tapestry of the ecosystem.


You’ve seen how squirrels showcase remarkable adaptability in their diet, balancing between plant-based foods and the occasional animal protein. This flexibility ensures their survival across seasons and reflects their integral role in the ecosystem. Understanding their dietary habits not only satiates your curiosity but also underscores the importance of biodiversity. Remember, the next time you spot a squirrel, there’s more to their foraging than meets the eye—they’re nature’s little gardeners, contributing to the health and renewal of our forests.

Paul West
Share this Post

About Paul West

Longstanding and passionate about really having family fun in the backyard. I'm no expert but I've picked up a thing or two along the way!